Resource Directory: Organizations

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Bureau of Land Management

Mission/Scope: Responsible for carrying out a variety of programs for the management and conservation of resources on nearly 245 million surface acres, as well as 700 million acres of subsurface mineral estate. These public lands comprise about 13 percent of the total land surface of the United States and more than 40 percent of all land managed by the federal government.

Relevant Program Areas:

  • Climate Change: Implementing two connected initiatives to understand, anticipate, and respond to the effects of climate change on the public lands. These initiatives are Rapid Ecoregional Assessments (REAs), which are currently being prepared, and a proposed landscape approach for managing public lands, which is under development.
  • Fish, Wildlife and Plant Conservation: Manages fish, wildlife and plants and their habitats, including threatened, endangered and "at risk" species and considers the needs of these resources when authorizing land use activities such as recreation, livestock grazing, energy development or forest management.
  • Geographic Coordinate Data Base: A collection of geographic information representing the Public Land Survey System (PLSS) and some Non-PLSS surveys of the United States. These data, combined with PLSS alternate source data, are being used by many federal agencies, local governments, and private companies as the framework for their in-house GIS systems.
  • National Landscape Conservation System: Consists of over 886 federally recognized areas and approximately 27 million acres of National Monuments, National Conservation Areas, Wilderness Areas, Wilderness Study Areas, Wild and Scenic Rivers, National Scenic and Historic Trails, and Conservation Lands of the California Desert.
  • Sage Grouse and Sagebrush Conservation: Maintains and restores sagebrush landscapes on public lands in 11 Western states to conserve sage grouse populations. The BLM is a steward of over half of all remaining sagebrush habitat in the United States, more than 57 million acres. Sage grouse currently occupy about 30 million of those acres and another 10 million acres are potentially suitable as habitat.

State Offices and Contacts:

Bureau of Reclamation

Mission/Scope: To manage, develop, and protect water and related resources in an environmentally and economically sound manner in the interest of the American public. The BOR is the largest wholesale water supplier and the second largest producer of hydroelectric power in the United States, with operations and facilities in the 17 Western States. Portions of two BOR regions, Great Plains and Pacific Northwest, are within the Great Northern area.
Relevant Program Areas: The BOR works in partnership with states, tribes, water and power customers, and others to seek creative and collaborative solutions to Western water issues. The BOR’s Technical Service Center provides world-class engineering, science, research, and support services for projects related to water resources. The Technical Service Center’s specialized expertise falls into the major categories of civil engineering, water and environmental resources, geotechnical services, and infrastructure services.
Contact: Bryan Horsburgh, Pacific NW Region Bureau of Reclamation, 208-378-5356,

Columbia Basin Federal Caucus

Mission/Scope: Ten federal agencies coordinate their responsibilities for federal fish recovery, water quality efforts, and coordinating federal trust and treaty obligations in the Columbia River Basin. Relevant Programs: Coordinates member agency actions to include research and monitoring, biological opinions, recovery plans, and partnerships between member agencies and with state agencies and tribes.
Contact: Eric T (Rick) Mogren, Caucus Program Coordinator, 503-872-2793,

Environmental Protection Agency

Mission/Scope: We will use science to make sound, principled decisions to: protect and restore ecosystems; ensure healthy airsheds and watersheds; take action on climate change; prevent pollution through source reduction and chemical safety; cleanup contaminated sites; and enforce federal environmental laws. We are accountable for achieving our mission. Our success as stewards of the public trust will be measured by meaningful and lasting environmental results.
Relevant Program Areas: Region 10 (Idaho, Washington and Oregon)

  • Taking Action onClimate Change
    Region 10 will work to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and develop adaptation strategies to address climate change in the Pacific Northwest (PNW) and Alaska. We will incorporate climate change into core program work through analysis of projected impacts on program goals and activities, identify opportunities for mitigating greenhouse gases without increasing adverse impacts from other pollutants, and where possible, build ecosystem resilience. We will address energy-related issues with an emphasis on energy efficiency, reduced fuel consumption, and alternative fuels as part of our strategy to reduce greenhouse gases. We will also focus on sustainability, by identifying and implementing climate change strategies that achieve multiple environmental benefits and minimize adverse impacts, and pursue holistic approaches with a long-term view. This work will be done in close partnership with other Federal agencies, Region 10 States and Tribes, local governments and others involved in climate change adaptation and mitigation.
  • Support Climate Change Adaptation
    We will provide scientific data on projected climate change impacts to inform decisions that will help reduce infrastructure vulnerability, build ecosystem resilience, and protect and restore critical ecological functions, as well as identify opportunities for reducing GHG emissions. By expanding assistance to Tribes for adapting to climate change, we acknowledge its cross-cutting effects and need for a multi-media array of tools and funding. We will collaborate with other Federal agencies, Region 10 State and Tribal governmental organizations, and universities to ensure efficient and widespread use of climate change science information, projected impacts, and strategies for adaptation in the Region.
  • Air Quality Programs: Oversee implementation of ambient air quality standards for air toxics and criteria pollutants, as well as the new greenhouse gas emissions permitting program, by regional, state and local agencies. Administer air quality permitting where it is designated a federal responsibility, such as the Outer Continental shelf of Alaska. Administer the Clean Air Act in Indian Country.  Improve air quality monitoring and strengthen enforcement efforts as critical building blocks for improving air quality.
  • Water Quality Programs: Under Clean Water Act and Safe Drinking Water Act authorities, directly administer or assist state, local and tribal partners in the implementation of NPDES permitting program, compliance and enforcement, updating water quality standards, developing TMDLs, assessing and identifying waters that are impaired, managing grant programs, and finding effective ways to address and reduce the impacts from nonpoint sources. Focus areas include addressing nutrient impairments in surface water, control of non point source pollution and toxics in surface waters, and urban stormwater pollution. Also administer and leverage drinking water and wastewater funding programs to promote sustainable technology and practices.
  • Pesticide Programs: Work with our states, national Office of Pesticide Programs, and National Marine Fisheries Service to improve effectiveness of pesticide registration Endangered Species Act consultation process. Assist and oversee Idaho, Oregon and Washington as they administer new requirements for high use of soil fumigants, Clean Water Act permits for pesticide use on aquatic weeds, and nuisance animal and pest control.  Work with our Region’s Tribes to build their pesticide programs, help growers find safer alternatives, and promote education and outreach to pesticide workers, other users and vulnerable populations. Investigate and help address emerging issues raised by communities regarding pesticide use and exposure.
  • Chemical Safety & Emergency Response Programs: Inspect high risk facilities, taking into consideration environmental justice communities, tribal resources, priority watersheds and vulnerable aquatic ecosystems. Increase effectiveness of compliance and enforcement with expedited settlements, supplemental environmental projects, timely press releases, and facility outreach and compliance assistance. Enhance the Region’s PCB compliance and enforcement work, and coordinate with state clean-up and source control programs (e.g., water and waste permitting). Bolster effectiveness of Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) by improving data quality of chemical releases and strengthening compliance and enforcement efforts.
  • Superfund and Other Cleanup Programs: Implement Superfund program, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) corrective actions, leaking underground storage tank program, Brownfields program, Toxic Substances and Control Act (TSCA) program, and PCB clean-up programs. Work in collaboration with other federal, state, local and tribal partners to reduce risks to human health and the environment by assessing and cleaning contaminated sites and making them available for productive use for current and future generations. Improve and maintain preparedness for responding to major incidents, including exercises and joint planning with other federal, state, local and tribal partners. 
  • Waste Management Programs: Promote more sustainable materials management with programs that emphasize preventing waste, encouraging materials reuse, recycling, and composting, conserving energy and reducing emissions of toxics and greenhouse gas emissions. Where waste cannot be avoided, enforce requirements for proper handling and disposal. Clean up, close and help prevent new open dumps on or near Tribal lands.

Contacts: Don Martin, Sr. Natural Resources Advisor, 208-665-0458, Claire Schary, Region 10 Climate Change Policy Advisor, 206-553-8514, Bruce Duncan, Climate Change Adaptation Science Advisor, 206-553-0218,

Fish and Wildlife Service

Mission/Scope: Working with others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants, and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people. Priorities include the National Wildlife Refuge System, landscape conservation, migratory birds, threatened and endangered species, aquatic species, and connecting people with nature. Portions of two USFWS regions, Mountain-Prairie and Pacific, are within the Great Northern area and include 34 wildlife refuges.
Relevant Program Areas and Contacts: National Wildlife Refuge System: Manages a national network of lands and waters for the conservation, management, and where appropriate, restoration of fish, wildlife and plant resources and their habitat.

Ecological Services: Works to protect and restore healthy populations of fish and wildlife and the environments that they depend upon, through programs such as Endangered Species, Contaminants, and Conservation Planning.

Fisheries: Works to protect the health of aquatic habitats, recover and restore fish and other aquatic resources, and provide people with opportunities to enjoy the many benefits of healthy aquatic resources. The program is comprised of National Fish Hatcheries, National Fish Technology and National Fish Health Centers, and  Fish and Wildlife Management Assistance Offices.

Partners for Fish and Wildlife: Works to efficiently achieve voluntary habitat restoration on private lands, through technical and financial assistance, for the benefit of Federal Trust species.

Migratory Birds: Protects, restores, and manages migratory bird populations for the benefit of the American people through the following: population monitoring, assessment, and management; habitat conservation; permits and regulations; consultation; communication and outreach; and recreation.

Joint Ventures: In public-private partnerships, initiates and coordinates bird conservation through biological planning, conservation design, habitat delivery, monitoring and evaluation, applied research, and communication, education and outreach.

Water Resources: Provides assistance in the areas of hydrology, hydraulics, sediment transport, water quality, water rights, and water management and policy.

Realty: Supports the acquisition and management of USFWS lands. Much of this land is acquired in support of the more than 92-million-acre National Wildlife Refuge System. The lands are acquired using the Land and Water Conservation Fund and the Migratory Bird Conservation Fund, also known as Duck Stamp dollars.

Forest Service

Mission/Scope: Sustains the health, diversity, and productivity of the Nation’s forests and grasslands (193 million acres) to meet the needs of present and future generations. Dedicated to restoring and enhancing landscapes, protecting and enhancing water resources, developing climate change resiliency, and helping create jobs that will sustain communities.
Relevant Program Areas and Contacts: National Forest System: Protects and manages forest, rangeland, and aquatic ecosystems. Portions of four Forest Service regions lie within the Great Northern area: Northern/R1 (MT, ID), Intermountain/R4 (CO, UT, WY), Rocky Mountain/R2 (ID, UT, WY), and Pacific Northwest/R6 (OR, WA).

Research and Development: Works at the forefront of science to improve the health and use of the Nation's forests and grasslands. Four major focus areas: major areas: Resource Use Sciences, Quantitative Sciences, Forest Management Sciences, and Environmental Sciences.

  • Rocky Mountain Research Station: Conducts research in the Rocky Mountains, Great Basin, Southwest and Great Plains. Research programs are: Air, Water, and Aquatic Environments; Fire, Fuel, and Smoke; Forest and Woodland Ecosystems; Grassland, Shrublands, and Desert Ecosystems; Human Dimensions; Inventory and Monitoring; Wildlife and Terrestrial Ecosystems; Science Application and Integration.
  • Pacific Northwest Research Station: Conducts research in Alaska, Oregon and Washington. Research Programs include: Ecological Process and Function; Focused Science Delivery; Goods, Services, and Values; Land and Watershed Management; Resource Monitoring and Assessment; Threat Characterization and Management; and the Western Wildland Environmental Threat Assessment Center.

Geological Survey

Mission/Scope: A science organization that provides impartial information on the health of our ecosystems and environment, the natural hazards that threaten us, the natural resources upon which we rely, the impacts of climate and land-use change, and the core science systems that help us provide timely, relevant, and usable information. Portions of two USGS regions, Western and Central, contain the five centers listed below and serve the Great Northern area. Contact information for cooperative fish and wildlife research units, water centers, and spatial data infrastructure partnerships can be found by searching by state on this website.
Relevant Program Areas and Contacts: Western Fisheries Research Center: Research focuses on the environmental factors responsible for the creation, maintenance, and regulation of fish populations including their interactions in aquatic communities and ecosystems.

Forest and Rangelands Ecosystem Science Center: Provides research and technical assistance in conservation biology, ecosystem ecology, inventory and monitoring research and development, joint fire science, landscape ecology, restoration and management, and sagebrush ecosystems.

Northern Rocky Mountains Science Center: Research focuses on three broad areas: conservation of amphibians, fish, and wildlife of the Northern Rocky Mountains, changing landscapes of the Northern Rocky Mountains, and modeling complex systems and decision support.

Fort Collins Science Center: Focuses on research and management questions in ecosystem dynamics, information science, invasive species science, policy analysis and science assistance, and trust species and habitats.

Center for Biological Informatics: Facilitates access to and application of biological information through the National Biological Information Infrastructure, Gap Analysis Program, Integrated Taxonomic Information System, Land Use History of North America, and Vegetation Characterization Program.

National Park Service

Mission/Scope: Preserves unimpaired the natural and cultural resources and values of the national park system for the enjoyment, education, and inspiration of this and future generations. Twelve park units are located in the Great Northern area.
Relevant Program Areas and Contacts: Inventory and Monitoring Networks: Provide scientifically credible, long-term ecological information for natural resource protection and management through natural resource inventories and monitoring of vital signs of ecosystem health.

Cooperative Ecosystem Studies Units: Improve and disseminate the knowledge base for managing natural and cultural resources by providing resource managers with high-quality scientific research, technical assistance, and education.

Research Learning Centers: Facilitate scientific inquiry, support science-informed decision making, communicate the relevance of and provide access to knowledge gained through scientific research, and promote science literacy and resource stewardship through partnerships.

Regional Natural Resource Programs: Provide technical support, scientific expertise, and funding to parks to assist with park stewardship functions.

  • Intermountain Regional Natural Resource Program: Pamela Benjamin, Acting, Climate Change and LCC Coordinator, 303-969-2865,
  • Pacific Northwest Regional Natural Resource Program: Ray Sauvajot, Natural Resource Program Chief, 510-817-1437,

Natural Resources Conservation Service

Mission/Scope: NRCS works with private landowners through conservation planning and assistance designed to benefit the soil, water, air, plants, and animals that result in productive lands and healthy ecosystems. Relevant Program Areas: NRCS offers a diversity of conservation programs and technical services through its national centers, state offices, and local service centers. NRCS implements the Conservation Programs in the Farm Bill which provide technical and financial assistance to help landowners implement conservation practices that reduce erosion, protect water resources, improve fish and wildlife habitat, improve air quality, and conserve energy.
State Offices and Contacts: Idaho: Jeff Burwell, State Conservationist, 208-378-5701, Montana: Joyce Swartzendruber, State Conservationist, 406-587-6813, Oregon: Ron Alvarado, State Conservationist, 503-414-3200, Washington: Roylene Rides at the Door, State Conservationist, 509-323-2900, Wyoming: J. Xavier Montoya, State Conservationist, 307-233-6750,



State of Idaho: Idaho Department of Fish and Game

Mission/Scope: All wildlife, including all wild animals, wild birds, and fish, within the state of Idaho, is hereby declared to be the property of the state of Idaho. It shall be preserved, protected, perpetuated, and managed. It shall be only captured or taken at such times or places, under such conditions, or by such means, or in such manner, as will preserve, protect, and perpetuate such wildlife, and provide for the citizens of this state and, as by law permitted to others, continued supplies of such wildlife for hunting, fishing and trapping.
Relevant Program Areas: Fisheries Bureau, Wildlife Bureau, Information Systems Bureau, Idaho Conservation Data Center
Contact: Gregg Servheen, Wildlife Program Manager, 208-334-3700,

State of Montana: Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks

Mission/Scope: Through its employees and citizen commission, provides for the stewardship of the fish, wildlife, parks, and recreational resources of Montana, while contributing to the quality of life for present and future generations.
Relevant Program Areas: Fisheries Bureau, Wildlife Bureau, Strategic Planning and Data Services Bureau
Contact: Bruce Rich, Fisheries Bureau Chief, 406-444-3183,; Ken McDonald, Wildlife Bureau Chief, 406-444-5645,; T.O. Smith, Strategic Planning and Data Services Bureau Chief, 406-444-3889,

State of Oregon: Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife

Mission/Scope: To protect and enhance Oregon's fish and wildlife and their habitats for use and enjoyment by present and future generations.
Relevant Program Areas: Wildlife Division (includes Conservation, Game, and Habitat Programs), Fish Division
Contact: Holly Michael, Conservation Policy Coordinator, 503-947-6072,

State of Washington: Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife

Mission/Scope: Serves Washington’s citizens by protecting, restoring and enhancing fish and wildlife and their habitats, while providing sustainable and wildlife-related recreational and commercial opportunities.
Relevant Program Areas: Species and Ecosystem Science, Species Recovery and Management, Habitat Restoration and Protection, Land, Aquatic Invasive Species, Wildlife Health, Maps and Data Product
Contact: Rocky Beach, Wildlife Diversity Program Manager, 360-0920-2510,

State of Wyoming: Wyoming Game and Fish Department

Mission/Scope: Manages wildlife, fisheries, and habitat.
Relevant Program Areas: Wildlife Division (includes Game, Nongame, and Habitat programs), Fish Division
Contact: 307-777-4600 or view Administration information on website



Government of British Columbia-Ministry of Environment

Mission/Scope: Lead and inspire British Columbians to achieve environmental sustainability.
Relevant Program Areas: Environmental Protection Division, Environmental Stewardship Division, Parks and Protected Areas Division, Water Stewardship Division, Environmental Assessment Office, Strategic Policy Division, Climate Action Secretariat
Contact: Kaaren Lewis, Director, Ecosystems Protection and Sustainability Branch, 250-387-9731,

Government of Alberta Sustainable Resource Development

Mission/Scope: Sustainable Resource Development encourages balanced and responsible use of Alberta's natural resources through the application of leading practices in management, science, and stewardship.
Relevant Program Areas: Fish and Wildlife Management, Forest Management, Forest Pests, Integrated Land Management
Contact: See website



Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Reservation

Mission/Scope: To adopt traditional principles and values into all facets of tribal operations and services. We will invest in our people in a manner that ensures our ability to become a completely self-sufficient society and economy. We will provide sound environmental stewardship to preserve, perpetuate, protect and enhance natural resources and ecosystems.
Relevant Program Areas: Natural Resources Department includes programs in Wildlife, Wildlife Crossings, and Fisheries
Contact: E T "Bud" Moran, Tribal Chairman, 406-675-2700,; Dale Becker, Tribal Wildlife Program Manager, 406-675-2700,

Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation

Mission/Scope: To protect, restore, and enhance the first foods - water, salmon, deer, cous, and huckleberry - for the perpetual cultural, economic, and sovereign benefit of the CTUIR. We will accomplish this utilizing traditional ecological and cultural knowledge and science to inform: 1) population and habitat management goals and actions; and 2) natural resource policies and regulatory mechanisms. Relevant Program Areas: Department of National Resources programs include Cultural Resources, Environmental Planning, Fisheries, Forestry, Range and Agriculture, Water Resources, Wildlife
Contact: Eric Quaempts, Director Department of Natural Resources, 541-429-7229,; Carl Scheeler, Wildlife Program Manager, 541-429-7242,

Yakama Indian Nation

Mission/Scope: Wildlife, Range and Vegetation Resources Management Program: To protect, restore, and enhance the ecosystem integrity and traditional use of wildlife and other natural resources while supporting a culturally and economically strong, self-governing Sovereign Nation. Fisheries Program: To preserve, protect, enhance, and restore culturally important fish populations and their habitat throughout the Zone of Influence of the Yakama Nation and to protect the rights of Yakama Nation members to utilize these resources as reserved for them in the Treaty of 1855 (12 stat 951).
Relevant Program Areas: Wildlife, Range and Vegetation Resources Management Program Yakama Nation Fisheries Program
Phil Rigdon, Deputy Director, Department of Natural Resources, 509-865-5121,



Center for Large Landscape Conservation

Mission/Scope: Advances the mission of large landscape conservation in the Yellowstone-to-Yukon region, in various landscapes in western North America, and internationally, by acting as an inter-organizational, scientific and collaborative catalyst.
Relevant Program Areas: Science and policy collaborations focus on climate change adaptation strategies, wildlife corridors, ecological connectivity, and wildlife diseases.
Contact: Gary Tabor, Director, 406-586-8082,

Heart of the Rockies Initiative

Mission/Scope: Partnership of 25 non-profit land trusts working to increase the pace of strategic private land conservation along the Continental Divide in Alberta, British Columbia, Montana, Idaho, and Wyoming, in order to ensure the long-term ecological functionality of these vast landscapes.
Relevant Program Areas: Enhancing large landscape conservation planning, capacity building, and capital fundraising of land trusts.
Contact: Michael Whitfield, Coordinator, 208-354-2075,

Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation

Mission/Scope: To ensure the future of elk, other wildlife and their habitat.
Relevant Program Areas: Conserving, restoring and enhancing natural habitats; promoting the sound management of wild, free-ranging elk, which may be hunted or otherwise enjoyed; fostering cooperation among federal, state, tribal and private organizations and individuals in wildlife management and habitat conservation; and educating members and the public about habitat conservation, the value of hunting, hunting ethics, and wildlife management.
Contact: Blake Henning, VP of Lands and Conservation, 406-523-0273,

Wildlife Conservation Society North America Program
Mission/Scope: Conducts wildlife conservation research and cooperatively develops and implements conservation strategies.
Relevant Program Areas: Conservation efforts within the Rocky Mountain region, from Colorado to Canada, focus on ecosystems, wildlife ecology, habitat connectivity, climate change, energy development, and human livelihoods.
Contact: Molly Cross, Climate Change Adaptation Coordinator, 406-522-9333,

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